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Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2017 Jul;61(4):307-313. doi: 10.1007/s10384-017-0509-x. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

Development of visual field defect after first-detected optic disc hemorrhage in preperimetric open-angle glaucoma.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea.
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea. kihopark@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate functional progression in preperimetric glaucoma (PPG) with disc hemorrhage (DH) and to determine the time interval between the first-detected DH and development of glaucomatous visual field (VF) defect.

METHODS:

A total of 87 patients who had been first diagnosed with PPG were enrolled. The medical records of PPG patients without DH (Group 1) and with DH (Group 2) were reviewed. When glaucomatous VF defect appeared, the time interval from the diagnosis of PPG to the development of VF defect was calculated and compared between the two groups. In group 2, the time intervals from the first-detected DH to VF defect of the single- and recurrent-DH were compared.

RESULTS:

Of the enrolled patients, 45 had DH in the preperimetric stage. The median time interval from the diagnosis of PPG to the development of VF defect was 73.3 months in Group 1, versus 45.4 months in Group 2 (P = 0.042). The cumulative probability of development of VF defect after diagnosis of PPG was significantly greater in Group 2 than in Group 1. The median time interval from first-detected DH to the development of VF defect was 37.8 months. The median time interval from DH to VF defect and cumulative probability of VF defect after DH did not show a statistical difference between single and recurrent-DH patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

The median time interval between the diagnosis of PPG and the development of VF defect was significantly shorter in PPG with DH. The VF defect appeared 37.8 months after the first-detected DH in PPG.

KEYWORDS:

Disc hemorrhage; Functional progression in preperimetric glaucoma; Preperimetric glaucoma; Visual field progression

PMID:
28357611
DOI:
10.1007/s10384-017-0509-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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