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J Multidiscip Healthc. 2017 Mar 21;10:107-112. doi: 10.2147/JMDH.S130432. eCollection 2017.

Mental resilience, perceived immune functioning, and health.

Author information

1
Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
2
Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
3
Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Nutricia Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
4
Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Centre for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mental resilience can be seen as a trait that enables an individual to recover from stress and to face the next stressor with optimism. People with resilient traits are considered to have a better mental and physical health. However, there are limited data available assessing the relationship between resilient individuals and their perspective of their health and immune status. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between mental resilience, perceived health, and perceived immune status.

METHODS:

A total of 779 participants recruited at Utrecht University completed a questionnaire consisting of demographic characteristics, the brief resilience scale for the assessment of mental resilience, the immune function questionnaire (IFQ), and questions regarding their perceived health and immune status.

RESULTS:

When correcting for gender, age, height, weight, smoker status, amount of cigarettes smoked per week, alcohol consumption status, amount of drinks consumed per week, drug use, and frequency of past year drug use, mental resilience was significantly correlated with perceived health (r=0.233, p=0.0001), perceived immune functioning (r=0.124, p=0.002), and IFQ score (r=-0.185, p=0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

A significant, albeit modest, relationship was found between mental resilience and perceived immune functioning and health.

KEYWORDS:

health; immune functioning; mental resilience; quality of life; vitality

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure Joris C Verster has received grants/research support from the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, Janssen Research and Development, Nutricia, Red Bull and Takeda, and has acted as a consultant for the Canadian Beverage Association, Central Bureau Drogisterijbedrijven, Coleman Frost, Danone, Deenox, Eisai, Janssen, Jazz, Purdue, Red Bull, Sanofi-Aventis, Sen-Jam Pharmaceutical, Sepracor, Takeda, Transcept, Trimbos Institute, and Vital Beverages. Aletta D Kraneveld has received grants/research support from Top Institute Pharma, NWO, Janssen, GSK, Nutricia Research, and Friesland Campina. Johan Garssen is a part-time employee of Nutricia Research. The other authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

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