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Am J Health Promot. 2017 Jan 1:890117117700952. doi: 10.1177/0890117117700952. [Epub ahead of print]

Does the CATCH Early Childhood Program Increase Physical Activity Among Low-Income Preschoolers?-Results From a Pilot Study.

Author information

1
1 Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics & Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, USA.
2
2 Michael and Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, Houston, TX, USA.
3
3 Department of Health Promotion & Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health in Austin, University of Texas Health Science Center, Austin, TX, USA.
4
4 Department of Health Promotion & Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To explore whether the physical activity (PA) component of the Coordinated Approach to Child Health Early Childhood (CATCH EC) program helps increasing preschoolers' PA during active times at preschool.

DESIGN:

Nonrandomized controlled experimental study.

SETTING:

Head Start centers in Houston, Texas, 2009 to 2010 school year.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 439 preschoolers aged 3 to 5 years (3 intervention centers, n = 220; 3 comparison centers, n = 219).

INTERVENTION:

The CATCH EC preschool-based teacher-led nutrition and PA program.

MEASURES:

Preschoolers' PA was measured at baseline and postintervention using the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time-Preschool version, a direct observation method measuring PA at the classroom level. Parent surveys provided demographic data.

ANALYSIS:

Pre-to-post changes in preschoolers' PA were examined using the Mann-Whitney U test.

RESULTS:

Results show a significant decrease in the percentage time preschoolers spent in level 2 PA (low activity) at intervention ( P = .005) and comparison ( P = .041) centers. Indoor vigorous activity increased significantly on an average by +6.04% pre-to-post intervention among preschoolers in the intervention group ( P = .049); no significant change was found in the comparison group.

CONCLUSION:

The CATCH EC favorably increased indoor vigorous PA level among low-income children attending Head Start.

KEYWORDS:

early childhood; intervention; low-income; moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; obesity prevention; physical activity; preschooler

PMID:
28355884
DOI:
10.1177/0890117117700952
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