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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1987 Nov;65(11):2308-12.

Pressor inhibition of angiotensin-induced ACTH secretion.

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Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ont., Canada.


We investigated whether the pressor effects of systemically administered angiotensin II (AII) influence ACTH secretion. Adrenalectomized barbiturate-anesthetized mongrel dogs with constant low resting cortisol concentrations due to slow constant cortisol infusion received either bolus injections (2.5 micrograms kg-1) or 15-min i.v. infusions of a low dose (12.5 ng kg-1min-1) of AII during which blood samples were taken for ACTH and cortisol determinations. In sequential continuous experiments in each dog, blood pressure was allowed to increase in response to AII administration or was controlled by means of concurrent i.v. injections or infusions of the hypotensive drug papaverine, or by blood withdrawal from the vena cava. When the arterial pressure rise induced by AII was substantially attenuated or prevented by papaverine administration or blood withdrawal, mean ACTH secretion rates increased 400-800% and mean ACTH concentrations increased by 280-500%. On the other hand, AII administration alone caused large increases in mean arterial blood pressure but did not increase ACTH secretion significantly above control levels. These data suggest that when endogenous AII levels are elevated without a concurrent increase in blood pressure, as occurs during hypovolemia or sodium depletion, AII may have a significant influence on ACTH secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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