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Biochemistry. 1988 Mar 8;27(5):1636-42.

Isolation and characterization of rubrerythrin, a non-heme iron protein from Desulfovibrio vulgaris that contains rubredoxin centers and a hemerythrin-like binuclear iron cluster.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, School of Chemical Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.

Abstract

A new non-heme iron protein from the periplasmic fraction of Desulfovibrio vulgaris (Hildenbourough NCIB 8303) has been purified to homogeneity, and its amino acid composition, molecular weight, redox potential, iron content, and optical, EPR, and Mössbauer spectroscopic properties have been determined. This new protein is composed of two identical subunits with subunit molecular weight of 21,900 and contains four iron atoms per molecule. The as-purified oxidized protein exhibits an optical spectrum with absorption maxima at 492, 365, and 280 nm, and its EPR spectrum shows resonances at g = 4.3 and 9.4, characteristic of oxidized rubredoxin. The Mössbauer data indicate the presence of approximately equal amounts of two types of iron; we named them the Rd-like and the Hr-like iron due to their similarity to the iron centers of rubredoxins (Rds) and hemerythrins (Hrs), respectively. For the Rd-like iron, the measured fine and hyperfine parameters (D = 1.5 cm-1, E/D = 0.26, delta EQ = -0.55 mm/s, delta = 0.27 mm/s, Axx/gn beta n = -16.5 T, Ayy/gn beta n = -15.6 T, and Azz/gn beta n = -17.0 T) are almost identical with those obtained for the rubredoxin from Clostridium pasteurianum. Redox-titration studies monitored by EPR, however, showed that these Rd-like centers have a midpoint redox potential of +230 +/- 10 mV, approximately 250 mV more positive than those reported for rubredoxins. Another unusual feature of this protein is the presence of the Hr-like iron atoms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
2835096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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