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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2017 Jun;14(6):326-332. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2016.2257. Epub 2017 Mar 28.

Outbreak of Campylobacteriosis Following a Dairy Farm Visit: Confirmation by Genotyping.

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1 National Veterinary Institute , Uppsala, Sweden .
2 The Public Health Agency of Sweden , Solna, Sweden .
3 European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET), European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) , Stockholm, Sweden .
4 Smittskydd Västra Götaland , Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus, Borås, Sweden .


In April-May 2014, an outbreak of campylobacteriosis occurred after a preschool visit to a dairy farm in the South Western part of Sweden. During the visit, a meal, including unpasteurized milk, was served. A retrospective cohort study using a web-based questionnaire was performed among the participants (n = 30) of the farm visit. A total of 24 of the 30 (80%) cohort members completed the questionnaire. Eleven cases were identified, and Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from eight of them. Seven of the cases were 2- to 7-year-old children. We found the highest attack rates among those who usually drink milk (45%) and those who consumed unpasteurized milk during the farm visit (42%). No cases were unexposed (risk ratio incalculable). As result of the farm investigation, Campylobacter was isolated from cattle on the farm. Genotyping with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and whole genome sequencing confirmed that human and cattle isolates of C. jejuni belonged to one cluster. Thus, cattle on the farm are considered the source of infection, and the most likely vehicle of transmission was contaminated unpasteurized milk. We recommend consumption of heat-treated milk only and increased awareness of the risk of consuming unpasteurized milk.


Campylobacter; cattle; farm visit; genotyping; milk; outbreak

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