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Tubercle. 1987 Sep;68(3):183-93.

In vitro observations on the suitability of new rifamycins for the intermittent chemotherapy of tuberculosis.

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Department of Bacteriology, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London.


The bactericidal activity of six new rifamycin derivatives--rifabutin (RBU), FCE 22250 (F22), rifapentine (RPE), CGP 29861 (C29), CGP 7040 (C70) and CGP 27557 (C27) and rifampicin (RMP)--have been measured against log phase and, as a better test of sterilising activity, against stationary phase cultures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, H37Rv. The order of activity of 1.0 and 0.2 mg/l rifamycin against log phase cultures was RMP greater than RPE & C27 greater than RBU & C29 greater than C70. The order of activity of 1.0 and 0.4 mg/l, adjusted for stability of the rifamycin, against stationary phase cultures was F22 & RMP greater than RBU greater than RPE greater than C27 & C29 greater than C70. Viable counts were done during and after pulsed exposures of 6, 24 or 96 h to C29 and RMP. The curves were similar though C29 was less bactericidal and the lag period before recovery was 1-2 days longer. F22, having high bactericidal activity against stationary organisms and a long half-life, was considered likely to be the most effective sterilising drug.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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