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Gynecol Oncol. 2017 Jun;145(3):446-452. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.03.006. Epub 2017 Mar 25.

Characterization of immune regulatory molecules B7-H4 and PD-L1 in low and high grade endometrial tumors.

Author information

1
Vincent Center for Reproductive Biology, Vincent Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, United States; Gynecologic Oncology Division, Vincent Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, United States.
2
Jounce Therapeutics, Inc., Cambridge, MA, United States.
3
Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, United States.
4
Vincent Center for Reproductive Biology, Vincent Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, United States; Gynecologic Oncology Division, Vincent Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, United States. Electronic address: brueda@mgh.harvard.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The objective of this investigation was to characterize the expression landscape of immune regulatory molecules programmed death-ligand-1 (PD-L1, B7-H1) and B7-H4 in a cohort of endometrial tumors across the spectrum of grade and histology.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

With institutional review board approval, 70 endometrial tumors from patients with known clinical outcomes were identified representing a spectrum of grade and histology. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed for PD-L1 and B7-H4 and scored. Microsatellite instability (MSI) status was assessed for endometrioid tumors using the institutional IHC assay for expression of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2. RNA sequencing data from the Cancer Genome Atlas was queried for expression levels of CD274 (PD-L1 protein) and VTCN1 (B7-H4) across molecular subtypes of endometrial carcinoma and were correlated with a T cell infiltration index.

RESULTS:

We identified 40 low grade endometrioid tumors and a cohort of 30 high grade tumors. PD-L1 expression was observed in both high and low grade endometrial tumors (56% vs 35%, p=0.07). In the low grade tumors, PD-L1 expression was associated with MSI status (p<0.01). The high grade cohort had similar rates of PD-L1 expression compared to low grade MSI tumor (56% and 62% respectively), and both were distinct from low grade MSS tumors (22%, p<0.05). High (3+) B7-H4 positive cells were observed in both high and low grade carcinomas (33% and 31% respectively). RNA profiling data from confirmed highest CD274 expression in POLE and MSI tumors that was linearly correlated with T cell infiltration, while VTCN1 expression appeared consistent across molecular subtypes.

CONCLUSIONS:

While PD-L1 expression correlated with MSI and high grade tumors, B7-H4 expression was independent of grade, histology and immune cell infiltration. The development and testing of multi-agent therapeutics targeting PD-L1 and B7-H4 may be a novel strategy for endometrial tumors.

KEYWORDS:

B7-H4 expression; Endometrial carcinoma; Immune checkpoint inhibition; PD-L1 over-expression

PMID:
28347512
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2017.03.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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