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Sleep Health. 2017 Feb;3(1):35-42. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2016.11.005. Epub 2017 Jan 24.

Sleep health of Australian adults in 2016: results of the 2016 Sleep Health Foundation national survey.

Author information

1
The Health Observatory, Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Campus, Woodville, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address: robert.adams@adelaide.edu.au.
2
The Health Observatory, Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Campus, Woodville, South Australia, Australia; Freemason's Centre for Men's Health, Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
3
Population Research & Outcomes Studies, Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
4
The Health Observatory, Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Campus, Woodville, South Australia, Australia.
5
Adelaide Institute of Sleep Health: A Flinders Centre of Research Excellence, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To measure the prevalence and social impacts of sleep problems in Australia.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional national adult online survey.

SETTING:

Community-based sample.

PARTICIPANTS:

Australian adults ≥18 years, n=1011.

RESULTS:

Self-reported inadequate sleep, of either duration or quality, and its daytime consequences affect 33%-45% of adults. Diagnosed sleep apnea is reported by 8%, significant insomnia by 20%, and restless legs by18% of adults. Besides specific clinical sleep disorders, poor sleep habits were common. Average reported sleep time is 7 hours, although 12% sleep less than 5½hours and 8% over 9 hours. Three-quarters (76%) of those who sleep less than 5½hours report frequent daytime impairment or sleep-related symptoms. Frequent, loud snoring is reported by 24% of men and 17% of women. Among these, 70% report daytime impairment or other sleep-related symptoms. Twenty-six percent report Internet use most or every night just before bed and frequent sleep difficulties or daytime impairments. Similarly, 16% of working adults do work just before bed and also have frequent sleep difficulties or daytime sleep-related symptoms. Younger adults (18-34 years) sleep around 1 hour longer before non-work days than working days compared with 18 minutes in older age groups. In the past 3 months, 29% of adults report making errors at work due to sleepiness or sleep problems. Driving while drowsy at least every month is reported by 29% of people, 20% have nodded off while driving, and 5% have had an accident in the past year because they dozed off.

CONCLUSION:

Sleep problems and daytime consequences are endemic among Australian adults. A focus on healthy sleep at a policy level as well as increased clinician and public awareness may be warranted.

KEYWORDS:

Cross-sectional surveys; Epidemiology; Restless legs syndrome; Sleep; Sleep apnea; Sleep initiation and maintenance disorders; Snoring

PMID:
28346149
DOI:
10.1016/j.sleh.2016.11.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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