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Curr Biol. 2017 Apr 3;27(7):1055-1061. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.02.037. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Astrocytes Regulate Daily Rhythms in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus and Behavior.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA.
2
Department of Molecular Neuroscience and Integrative Physiology, Kanazawa University, 920-1192 Ishikawa, Japan.
3
Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA. Electronic address: herzog@wustl.edu.

Abstract

Astrocytes are active partners in neural information processing [1, 2]. However, the roles of astrocytes in regulating behavior remain unclear [3, 4]. Because astrocytes have persistent circadian clock gene expression and ATP release in vitro [5-8], we hypothesized that they regulate daily rhythms in neurons and behavior. Here, we demonstrated that daily rhythms in astrocytes within the mammalian master circadian pacemaker, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), determine the period of wheel-running activity. Ablating the essential clock gene Bmal1 specifically in SCN astrocytes lengthened the circadian period of clock gene expression in the SCN and in locomotor behavior. Similarly, excision of the short-period CK1ε tau mutation specifically from SCN astrocytes resulted in lengthened rhythms in the SCN and behavior. These results indicate that astrocytes within the SCN communicate to neurons to determine circadian rhythms in physiology and in rest activity.

KEYWORDS:

Aldh1l1; Bmal1; GABA; GFAP; Per2; SCN; astroglia; casein kinase 1; circadian oscillator; glia

PMID:
28343966
PMCID:
PMC5380592
DOI:
10.1016/j.cub.2017.02.037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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