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Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2017 Oct;64(8):453-459. doi: 10.1016/j.redar.2017.02.005. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Use of the cumulative sum method (CUSUM) to assess the learning curves of ultrasound-guided continuous femoral nerve block.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España. Electronic address: and_c@hotmail.com.
2
Departamento de Anestesiología y Reanimación, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although ultrasound is a basic competence for anaesthesia residents (AR) there is few data available on the learning process. This prospective observational study aims to assess the learning process of ultrasound-guided continuous femoral nerve block and to determine the number of procedures that a resident would need to perform in order to reach proficiency using the cumulative sum (CUSUM) method.

METHODS:

We recruited 19 AR without previous experience. Learning curves were constructed using the CUSUM method for ultrasound-guided continuous femoral nerve block considering 2 success criteria: a decrease of pain score>2 in a [0-10] scale after 15minutes, and time required to perform it.

RESULTS:

We analyse data from 17 AR for a total of 237 ultrasound-guided continuous femoral nerve blocks. 8/17 AR became proficient for pain relief, however all the AR who did more than 12 blocks (8/8) became proficient. As for time of performance 5/17 of AR achieved the objective of 12minutes, however all the AR who did more than 20 blocks (4/4) achieved it.

CONCLUSIONS:

The number of procedures needed to achieve proficiency seems to be 12, however it takes more procedures to reduce performance time. The CUSUM methodology could be useful in training programs to allow early interventions in case of repeated failures, and develop competence-based curriculum.

KEYWORDS:

Bloqueo femoral; CUSUM; Cumulative sum; Curvas de aprendizaje; Ecografía; Femoral nerve block; Learning curves; Suma acumulada; Ultrasound

PMID:
28342526
DOI:
10.1016/j.redar.2017.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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