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Bioelectromagnetics. 2017 Jul;38(5):356-363. doi: 10.1002/bem.22048. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

Effect of adverse environmental conditions and protective clothing on temperature rise in a human body exposed to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.

Author information

IBM Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Australian Centre for Electromagnetic Bioeffects Research (ACEBR), Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia.
Department of Health and Medical Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia.
Telstra, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.


This study considers the computationally determined thermal profile of a finely discretized, heterogeneous human body model, simulating a radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) worker wearing protective clothing subject to RF-EMF exposure, and subject to various environmental conditions including high ambient temperature and high humidity, with full thermoregulatory mechanisms in place. How the human body responds in various scenarios was investigated, and the information was used to consider safety limits in current international RF-EMF safety guidelines and standards. It was found that different environmental conditions had minimal impact on the magnitude of the thermal response due to RF-EMF exposure, and that the current safety factor of 10 applied in international RF-EMF safety guidelines and standards for RF-EMF workers is generally conservative, though it is only narrowly so when workers are subjected to the most adverse environmental conditions. Bioelectromagnetics. 38:356-363, 2017.


RF-EMF worker; occupational safety; protective clothing; radiofrequency safety standards; temperature rise

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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