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Psychiatr Q. 2017 Dec;88(4):909-916. doi: 10.1007/s11126-017-9508-9.

Exploring the Link Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and inflammation-Related Medical Conditions: An Epidemiological Examination.

Author information

1
Veterans Affairs New England Mental Illness, Research, Education, and Clinical Center, 950 Campbell Ave., 151D, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA. Jack.Tsai@yale.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Jack.Tsai@yale.edu.
3
Department of Biology and Environmental Science, University of New Haven, West Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

There have been few epidemiological studies exploring the link between PTSD and inflammation using population-based samples. This study examined the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and inflammation-related medical conditions using data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Using a representative sample of 1,527 residents in New York City, the association between PTSD and 17 inflammation-related medical conditions were examined. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted, adjusting for demographic characteristics and lifetime depression. PTSD was strongly associated with increased odds for hypercholesterolemia, insulin resistance, angina, heart attack, and emphysema with the greatest odds observed for heart attack (OR= 3.94) and emphysema (OR= 4.06). But PTSD was also associated with lower odds for hypertension, type 1 diabetes, asthma, coronary heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis, and a failing kidney with the lowest odds observed for type 1 diabetes (OR= 0.43). These findings suggest a complex link between PTSD and inflammation-related medical conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular diseases; Inflammation; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Pulmonary diseases

PMID:
28342139
DOI:
10.1007/s11126-017-9508-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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