Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Rev Argent Microbiol. 2016 Oct - Dec;48(4):347-357. doi: 10.1016/j.ram.2016.05.004. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

[Biochemical basis of tolerance to osmotic stress in phytopathogenic fungus: The case of Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid.]

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro de Biotecnología Genómica, Reynosa, Tamaulipas, México. Electronic address: lectorum59@hotmail.com.
2
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro de Biotecnología Genómica, Reynosa, Tamaulipas, México.

Abstract

Fungus Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. is the causative agent of charcoal rot disease which causes significant yield losses in major crops such as maize, sorghum, soybean and common beans in Mexico. This fungus is a facultative parasite which shows broad ability to adapt itself to stressed environments where water deficits and/or high temperature stresses commonly occur. These environmental conditions are common for most cultivable lands throughout Mexico. Here we describe some basic facts related to the etiology and epidemiology of the fungus as well as to the importance of responses to stressed environments, particularly to water deficits, based on morphology and growth traits, as well as on physiology, biochemistry and pathogenicity of fungus M. phaseolina. To conclude, we show some perspectives related to future research into the genus, which emphasize the increasing need to improve the knowledge based on the application of both traditional and biotechnological tools in order to elucidate the mechanisms of resistance to environmental stress which can be extrapolated to other useful organisms to man.

KEYWORDS:

Charcoal rot; Deficiencia hídrica; Hongos fitopatógenos; Mecanismos de resistencia; Phytopathogenic fungi; Pudrición carbonosa; Resistance mechanisms; Water deficits

PMID:
28341024
DOI:
10.1016/j.ram.2016.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Loading ...
Support Center