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J Sci Food Agric. 2017 Oct;97(13):4557-4561. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.8323. Epub 2017 Apr 24.

Hypoglycemic effect of hawthorn in type II diabetes mellitus rat model.

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Chinese-German Joint Laboratory for Natural Product Research, Qinling-Bashan Mountains Bioresources Comprehensive Development CIC, College of Biological Science and Engineering, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong, Shaanxi, China.
College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China.
College of Veterinary Medicine, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China.
Institute of Pharmacy, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Berlin, Germany.



Hawthorn is a popular herb in many different traditional medicine systems, including traditional Chinese medicine, where it has long been used for the treatment of hyperglycemia. However, most of its varied biological activities remain unexplored. This study investigated the hypoglycemic effect of hawthorn extracts in type II diabetic (T2DM) rat model. A total of 54 rats were randomly divided into six groups: normal control group; type II diabetic model group (T2DM; these rats were induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin); high, middle and low concentrations of hawthorn treatment (HTH , HTM and HTL T2DM rats were given hawthorn extract at a dose of 50, 100 and 200 mg kg-1 body weight, respectively); and positive control group (orlistat 40 mg kg-1 body weight).


Triglyceride and total cholesterol serum levels were lower in the hawthorn extract-treated groups than in the T2DM control group (P < 0.01). Furthermore, hawthorn extracts decreased blood glucose level and increased plasma insulin release from pancreas.


Positive effects of hawthorn against streptozotocin-induced T2DM were demonstrated. This study suggests that hawthorn extract represents a useful agent for the prevention or treatment of T2DM. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.


hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge); orlistat; streptozotocin; type II diabetes mellitus

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