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Plant Physiol. 2017 May;174(1):301-311. doi: 10.1104/pp.17.00013. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Dimerization in LBD16 and LBD18 Transcription Factors Is Critical for Lateral Root Formation.

Lee HW1,2, Kang NY1,2, Pandey SK1,2, Cho C1,2, Lee SH1,2, Kim J3,4.

Author information

1
Department of Bioenergy Science and Technology (H.W.L., N.Y.K., S.K.P., C.C., J.K.) and Kumho Life Science Laboratory (J.K.), Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea; and.
2
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju 501-759, Korea (S.H.L.).
3
Department of Bioenergy Science and Technology (H.W.L., N.Y.K., S.K.P., C.C., J.K.) and Kumho Life Science Laboratory (J.K.), Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea; and jungmkim@jnu.ac.kr.
4
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju 501-759, Korea (S.H.L.) jungmkim@jnu.ac.kr.

Abstract

LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES DOMAIN/ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2-LIKEs (hereafter referred to as LBD) are plant-specific transcription factors that play important roles in a plethora of plant growth and development. The leucine (Leu) zipper-like coiled-coil motif in the lateral organ boundaries domain of the class I LBD proteins has been proposed to mediate protein dimerization, but it has not been experimentally assessed yet. LBD16 and LBD18 have been well characterized to play important roles in lateral root development in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Here, we investigated the role of the coiled-coil motif in the dimerization of LBD16 and LBD18 and in transcriptional regulation and biological function. We built the molecular models of the coiled coil of LBD16 and LBD18, providing the probable Leu zipper models of the helix dimer. Using a variety of molecular techniques, such as bimolecular fluorescence complementation, luciferase complementation imaging, GST pull down, and coimmunoprecipitation assays, we showed that the conserved Leu or valine residues in the coiled-coil motif are critical for the dimerization of LBD16 or LBD18. Using transgenic Arabidopsis plants that overexpress HA:LBD16 or HA:LBD16Q in lbd16 or HA:LBD18 or HA:LBD18Q in lbd18, we demonstrated that the homodimerization of LBD18 mediated by the coiled-coil motif is crucial for transcriptional regulation via promoter binding and for lateral root formation. In addition, we found that the carboxyl-terminal region beyond the coiled-coil motif in LBD18 acts as an additional dimerization domain. These results provide a molecular basis for homodimerization and heterodimerization among the 42 Arabidopsis LBD family members for displaying their biological functions.

PMID:
28336771
PMCID:
PMC5411149
DOI:
10.1104/pp.17.00013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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