Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Public Health. 2017 Mar 23;17(1):278. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4192-0.

Leisure sedentary time is differentially associated with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia depending on occupation.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22, Gwanpyeong-ro 170, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 14068, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22, Gwanpyeong-ro 170, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 14068, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Statistics, Hallym University, 1, Hallym-ro, Chunchon-si, Kwangwon-do, 24252, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Bundang Cha Hospital, 59, Yatop-ro, Bundang-gu, Gyeonggi-do, 13496, Republic of Korea.
5
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, 1, Shingil-ro, Youngdongpo-gu, Seoul, 07441, Republic of Korea.
6
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22, Gwanpyeong-ro 170, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 14068, Republic of Korea. pupen@naver.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sedentary behavior is considered an independent cause of cardio-metabolic diseases, regardless of physical activity level and obesity. Few studies have reported the association between leisure sedentary time and cardio-vascular diseases in terms of occupation.

METHODS:

We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) for 240,086 participants assessed in 2011 and 2013. Occupation was categorized into four groups: farmer or fisherman, laborer, and soldier (Group I); service worker, salesperson, technician, mechanic, production worker, and engineer (Group II); manager, expert, specialist, and clerk (Group III); and unemployed (Group IV). Leisure sedentary time was divided into five groups: 0 h, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h, and 4+ h. The association between leisure sedentary time on weekdays and hypertension/diabetes mellitus/hyperlipidemia for different occupations was analyzed using simple and multiple logistic regression analyses with complex sampling.

RESULTS:

In Groups I, II and III, no length of sedentary time was associated with hypertension, and only 3 h or 4+ h of sedentary time was associated with diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. Group IV showed a significant association with hypertension and diabetes mellitus for the 2 h, 3 h, and 4+ h sedentary times.

CONCLUSIONS:

The unemployed are more susceptible than other occupation groups to cardio-metabolic diseases when leisure time is sedentary.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes mellitus; Hyperlipidemia; Hypertension; Leisure activities; Occupations; Sedentary lifestyle; Work

PMID:
28335768
PMCID:
PMC5364658
DOI:
10.1186/s12889-017-4192-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center