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Nanomaterials (Basel). 2016 Jul 2;6(7). pii: E129. doi: 10.3390/nano6070129.

Electrospinning of Nanofibers for Energy Applications.

Sun G1,2, Sun L3,4, Xie H5,6, Liu J7,8.

Author information

1
Institute of Functional Materials, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. sungr955@nenu.edu.cn.
2
National & Local United Engineering Lab for Power Battery, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. sungr955@nenu.edu.cn.
3
Institute of Functional Materials, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. sunlq446@nenu.edu.cn.
4
National & Local United Engineering Lab for Power Battery, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. sunlq446@nenu.edu.cn.
5
Institute of Functional Materials, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. xiehm136@nenu.edu.cn.
6
National & Local United Engineering Lab for Power Battery, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. xiehm136@nenu.edu.cn.
7
Institute of Functional Materials, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. jialiu.chem@outlook.com.
8
National & Local United Engineering Lab for Power Battery, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China. jialiu.chem@outlook.com.

Abstract

With global concerns about the shortage of fossil fuels and environmental issues, the development of efficient and clean energy storage devices has been drastically accelerated. Nanofibers are used widely for energy storage devices due to their high surface areas and porosities. Electrospinning is a versatile and efficient fabrication method for nanofibers. In this review, we mainly focus on the application of electrospun nanofibers on energy storage, such as lithium batteries, fuel cells, dye-sensitized solar cells and supercapacitors. The structure and properties of nanofibers are also summarized systematically. The special morphology of nanofibers prepared by electrospinning is significant to the functional materials for energy storage.

KEYWORDS:

dye-sensitized solar cells; electrospinning; fuel cells; lithium-based batteries; nanofibers; supercapacitors

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