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Perm J. 2017;21. doi: 10.7812/TPP/16-008. Epub 2017 Jan 17.

Transcendental Meditation and Reduced Trauma Symptoms in Female Inmates: A Randomized Controlled Study.

Author information

1
Professor and Director of the Center for Social and Emotional Health at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, IA. snidich@mum.edu.
2
Affiliated Research Associate at the Center for Social and Emotional Health at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, IA. seng.angelak@gmail.com.
3
Affiliated Research Associate at the Center for Social and Emotional Health at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, IA. blazecompton@gmail.com.
4
Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Western Oregon University in Monmouth. oconnortom@aol.com.
5
Assistant Director of the Center for Natural Medicine and Prevention at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, IA. jsalerno@mum.edu.
6
Senior Researcher at the Center for Social and Emotional Health at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, IA. rnidich@mum.edu.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Compared with the general population, trauma experiences are higher among incarcerated women.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in female offenders.

DESIGN:

Twenty-two inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility in Wilsonville, OR, with at least 4 months left of incarceration were enrolled in this randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the TM group (n = 11) or a wait-list control group (n = 11).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Subjects were measured at baseline and 4-month posttest using the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian version (PCL-C; primary outcome) with intrusive thoughts, avoidance, and hyperarousal subscales (secondary outcomes). Twenty of the subjects (10 in each group) took part in their treatment assignment and completed posttesting.

RESULTS:

Significant reductions were found on total trauma (p < 0.036), intrusive thoughts (p < 0.026), and hyperarousal (p < 0.043) on the PCL-C. Effect sizes ranged from 0.65 to 0.99 for all variables. Eighty-one percent of the TM subjects were compliant with their program.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study indicate feasibility of the TM program in a female prison population and suggest that TM may be an effective tool for decreasing trauma symptoms. Future large-scale research is warranted.

PMID:
28333611
PMCID:
PMC5363900
DOI:
10.7812/TPP/16-008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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