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J Couns Psychol. 2017 Jul;64(4):432-442. doi: 10.1037/cou0000210. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Intentions to seek counseling in first-generation and continuing-generation college students.

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Department of Counseling Psychology, University of Denver.
Biocomplexity Institute of Virginia Tech, Virginia Tech.


The growing socioeconomic diversity of higher education institutions calls for research that addresses the unique mental health needs of first-generation and continuing-generation college students. This study examined associations from environmental supports, personal stigma, self-stigma, and attitudes, to intentions to seek counseling in first- and continuing-generation college students (N = 610). Results of structural equation modeling largely supported hypothesized relationships between variables. Furthermore, the relationship between personal stigma and self-stigma was stronger for continuing-generation students while the relationship between self-stigma and attitudes was stronger for first-generation students. The indirect effect from self-stigma to intentions through attitudes was also stronger for first-generation college students, while the indirect effect from personal stigma to attitudes through self-stigma was stronger for continuing-generation students. Results are discussed in terms of enhancing first-generation college students' attitudes toward, and intentions to seek counseling. (PsycINFO Database Record.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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