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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2017 Apr 1;97(5):1002-1020. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2016.11.056. Epub 2016 Dec 13.

Radical Cystectomy Compared to Combined Modality Treatment for Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.
2
Department of Urology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas.
3
Rush Medical College, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.
4
Department of Urology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas. Electronic address: Kaushik@uthscsa.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To perform a comprehensive comparison of overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), progression-free survival (PFS), and treatment-related complications between radical cystectomy (RC) and combined modality treatment (CMT-radiation therapy, concurrent chemotherapy, and maximal transurethral resection of bladder tumor) in the setting of muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

We searched 7 databases (PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Proquest, CINAHL, and ClinicalTrials.gov) for randomized, controlled trials and prospective and retrospective studies directly comparing RC with CMT from database inception to March 2016. We conducted meta-analyses evaluating OS, DSS, and PFS with hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

RESULTS:

Nineteen studies evaluating 12,380 subjects were selected. For the 8 studies encompassing 9554 subjects eligible for meta-analyses, we found no difference in OS at 5 years (HR 0.96, favoring CMT, 95% CI 0.72-1.29; P=.778) or 10 years (HR 1.02, favoring cystectomy, 95% CI 0.73-1.42; P=.905). No difference was observed in DSS at 5 years (HR 0.83, favoring radiation, 95% CI 0.54-1.28; P=.390) or 10 years (HR 1.17, favoring cystectomy, 95% CI 0.89-1.55; P=.264), or PFS at 10 years (HR 0.85, favoring CMT, 95% CI 0.43-1.67; P=.639). The cystectomy arms had higher rates of early major complications, whereas rates of minor complications were similar between the 2 treatments.

CONCLUSION:

Current meta-analysis reveals no differences in OS, DSS, or PFS between RC and CMT. Further randomized, controlled trials are necessary to identify the optimal treatment for specific patients.

PMID:
28332983
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2016.11.056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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