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Endocr Pract. 2017 Jun;23(6):690-704. doi: 10.4158/EP161718.RA. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

PRECISION MEDICINE: AN UPDATE ON GENOTYPE/BIOCHEMICAL PHENOTYPE RELATIONSHIPS IN PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA/PARAGANGLIOMA PATIENTS.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors known to produce and secrete high levels of circulating catecholamines and their metabolites. The biochemical characteristics of these tumors can be used to divide them into three major phenotypes. The adrenergic, noradrenergic and dopaminergic phenotypes are defined by predominant elevations in epinephrine and metanephrine, norepinephrine and normetanephrine, and dopamine and 3-methoxytyramine, respectively. There are over 15 well-identified tumor-susceptibility genes responsible for approximately 40% of the cases. The objective of this review article is to outline specific genotype/biochemical phenotype relationships.

METHODS:

Literature review.

RESULTS:

None.

CONCLUSION:

Biochemical phenotype of PPGL is determined by the underlying genetic mutation and the associated molecular pathway. Identification of genotype/biochemical relationships is valuable in prioritizing testing for specific genes, making treatment decisions and monitoring disease progression.

ABBREVIATIONS:

3-MT = 3-methoxytyramine; EPAS1 = endothelial pas domain protein 1; FH = fumarate hydratase; HIF2A = hypoxia inducible factor type 2A; MEN2 = multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2; NF1 = neurofibromatosis type 1; PNMT = phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase; PPGL = pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma; RET = rearranged during transfection; SDH = succinate dehydrogenase; SDHAF2 = succinate dehydrogenase complex assembly factor 2; TCA = tricarboxylic acid; TH = tyrosine hydroxylase; TMEM127 = transmembrane protein 127; VHL = von Hippel-Lindau.

PMID:
28332883
DOI:
10.4158/EP161718.RA
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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