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Epilepsy Curr. 2017 Jan-Feb;17(1):43-47. doi: 10.5698/1535-7511-17.1.43.

Manipulating MicroRNAs in Murine Models: Targeting the Multi-Targeting in Epilepsy.

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Department of Physiology and Medical Physics, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.


MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that work posttranscriptionally to negatively regulate protein levels. They influence neuronal and glial structure and function, neuroinflammatory signaling, cell death, neurogenesis, and other processes relevant to epileptogenesis. Functional studies using oligonucleotide inhibitors (antagomirs) and mimics (agomirs) to modulate microRNAs in rat and mouse models of epilepsy show effects on evoked and spontaneous seizures and attendant neuropathology. The present review summarizes recent findings and points to gaps in our knowledge of the underlying mechanisms and directions for the future.

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Editor's Note: Authors have a Conflict of Interest disclosure which is posted under the Supplemental Materials link.

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