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Neurosci Lett. 2017 Apr 24;647:133-140. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2017.03.027. Epub 2017 Mar 19.

Nicotinamide mononucleotide inhibits JNK activation to reverse Alzheimer disease.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, YangPu Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China.
2
Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210011, China.
3
Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210011, China. Electronic address: pengjianj@126.com.

Abstract

Amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers have been accepted as major neurotoxic agents in the therapy of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been shown that the activity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is related with the decline of Aβ toxicity in AD. Nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), the important precursor of NAD+, is produced during the reaction of nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (Nampt). This study aimed to figure out the potential therapeutic effects of NMN and its underlying mechanisms in APPswe/PS1dE9 (AD-Tg) mice. We found that NMN gave rise to a substantial improvement in behavioral measures of cognitive impairments compared to control AD-Tg mice. In addition, NMN treatment significantly decreased β-amyloid production, amyloid plaque burden, synaptic loss, and inflammatory responses in transgenic animals. Mechanistically, NMN effectively controlled JNK activation. Furthermore, NMN potently progressed nonamyloidogenic amyloid precursor protein (APP) and suppressed amyloidogenic APP by mediating the expression of APP cleavage secretase in AD-Tg mice. Based on our findings, it was suggested that NMN substantially decreases multiple AD-associated pathological characteristically at least partially by the inhibition of JNK activation.

KEYWORDS:

Alzheimer disease; Amyloid-β; JNK activation; Nicotinamide mononucleotide

PMID:
28330719
DOI:
10.1016/j.neulet.2017.03.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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