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Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 Feb 1;19(2):199-207. doi: 10.1093/ehjci/jex010.

Demonstration of infective endocarditis by cardiac CT and transoesophageal echocardiography: comparison with intra-operative findings.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Cardiology, Cardiac Imaging Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
3
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, South Korea.

Abstract

Aims:

We aimed to compare imaging findings of infective endocarditis between computed tomography (CT) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) using surgical inspection as a reference standard.

Methods and results:

Forty-nine patients (aged 54 ± 17 years, 69% men) who underwent pre-operative CT and TEE for infective endocarditis were included. Twelve of these patients had prosthetic valve endocarditis. Imaging findings of infective endocarditis were classified as vegetation, leaflet perforation, abscess/pseudoaneurysm, and paravalvular leakage. Diagnostic performances of CT and TEE were evaluated using surgical inspection as a reference standard. Interobserver agreements for CT findings were obtained using Cohen's κ test. The detection rates of infective endocarditis per patient with CT and TEE were 93.9% (46/49) and 95.9% (47/49), respectively. In per-imaging analysis, the sensitivities of CT and TEE were not significantly different for both native and prosthetic valve infective endocarditis (sensitivity: vegetation, 100% in TEE and 90.9% in CT; leaflet perforation, 87.5% in TEE and 50.0% in CT; abscess/pseudoaneurysm, 40.0% in TEE and 60.0% in CT; paravalvular leakage, 100% in TEE and 50.0% in CT). Interobserver agreements for CT findings were substantial or excellent (0.79-0.88).

Conclusion:

Cardiac CT can accurately demonstrate infective endocarditis in pre-operative patients with a similar diagnostic accuracy to TEE. The interobserver agreements for the CT findings of infective endocarditis were excellent.

KEYWORDS:

cardiac surgery; computed tomography; echocardiography; infective endocarditis; valvular heart disease

PMID:
28329276
DOI:
10.1093/ehjci/jex010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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