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Pain Res Treat. 2017;2017:6916915. doi: 10.1155/2017/6916915. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

iACT-CEL: A Feasibility Trial of a Face-to-Face and Internet-Based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Intervention for Chronic Pain in Singapore.

Author information

1
King's College London, Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London SE1 9RT, UK; Pain Management Clinic, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore 308433.
2
King's College London, Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London SE1 9RT, UK.

Abstract

Psychological interventions are increasingly utilising online or mobile phone based platforms to deliver treatment, including that for people with chronic pain. The aims of this study were to develop an adapted form of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for chronic pain in Singapore and to test the feasibility of elements of this treatment delivered via the internet and email. Methods. Thirty-three participants recruited from a tertiary pain management clinic and via the clinic website participated in this program over a period of five weeks with a 3-month follow-up. Treatment outcomes were assessed at three assessment time points. Results. 90.9% of participants completed the program, with 81.8% reporting high treatment satisfaction. Significant changes in depression, t = 3.08, p = 0.002 (baseline to posttreatment), t = 3.28, p = 0.001 (baseline to follow-up), and pain intensity, t = 2.15, p = 0.03 (baseline to follow-up) were found. Mainly small effect sizes (d = 0.09-0.39) with a moderate effect size (d = 0.51) for depression were found at posttreatment. Clinically meaningful improvement in at least one outcome was demonstrated in 75.8% of participants. Conclusions. An adaptation of ACT for people with chronic pain in Singapore appears promising. Optimal treatment design and more effective ways to target outcomes and processes measured here are required.

Conflict of interest statement

All authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of the paper.

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