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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017 Apr 12;9(14):12478-12485. doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b01286. Epub 2017 Mar 28.

Tunneled Mesoporous Carbon Nanofibers with Embedded ZnO Nanoparticles for Ultrafast Lithium Storage.

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Program of Materials Science & Engineering, Convergence Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Biomaterials and ‡Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology , Seoul 139-743, Korea.


Carbon and metal oxide composites have received considerable attention as anode materials for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) owing to their excellent cycling stability and high specific capacity based on the chemical and physical stability of carbon and the high theoretical specific capacity of metal oxides. However, efforts to obtain ultrafast cycling stability in carbon and metal oxide composites at high current density for practical applications still face important challenges because of the longer Li-ion diffusion pathway, which leads to poor ultrafast performance during cycling. Here, tunneled mesoporous carbon nanofibers with embedded ZnO nanoparticles (TMCNF/ZnO) are synthesized by electrospinning, carbonization, and postcalcination. The optimized TMCNF/ZnO shows improved electrochemical performance, delivering outstanding ultrafast cycling stability, indicating a higher specific capacity than previously reported ZnO-based anode materials in LIBs. Therefore, the unique architecture of TMCNF/ZnO has potential for use as an anode material in ultrafast LIBs.


Li-ion battery; anode; carbon nanofiber; tunneled mesoporous structure; ultrafast


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