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Eye (Lond). 1987;1 ( Pt 4):512-21.

Adult follicular conjunctivitis and neonatal ophthalmia in a Liverpool eye hospital, 1980-1984.

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University of Liverpool.


In the five year period between 1980 and 1984, 2146 adults and 172 neonates suffering from acute conjunctivitis underwent laboratory investigation for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Adenoviruses (AV), Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) and pathogenic bacteria. Epidemiology and clinical features are presented and discussed. CT was detected in 29 per cent of neonates with conjunctivitis. 5.6 per cent of adults and older children investigated for follicular conjunctivitis were CT positive. There was a significant female preponderance among CT positive neonates of 1.9:1 (p less than 0.02). 91 per cent of neonates and 62 per cent of adults in whom CT was detected were receiving some sort of treatment. Serotypes 7, 3, 10, 4 and 8 were responsible in decreasing order of frequency for 96 per cent of AV infections. Serotype 7 was seen for the first time in an adult age distribution. HSV was isolated in 1.3 per cent of cases in the absence of typical lid or corneal lesions. Viral infection was not detected in any neonate. Bacterial infection was a more likely cause than CT in neonates if infection had persisted longer than 5 weeks (p much less than 0.001). Neonates with Staph aureus infection tended to present earlier in the course of disease than those with Haemophilus sp or Pneumococcus (p less than 0.05).

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