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Neurogenesis (Austin). 2017 Mar 1;4(1):e1288510. doi: 10.1080/23262133.2017.1288510. eCollection 2017.

Amyloid Precursor Protein family as unconventional Go-coupled receptors and the control of neuronal motility.

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1
Department of Cell, Developmental and Cancer Biology L-215, Oregon Health & Sciences University , Portland, OR, USA.

Abstract

Cleavage of the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) generates amyloid peptides that accumulate in Alzheimer Disease (AD), but APP is also upregulated by developing and injured neurons, suggesting that it regulates neuronal motility. APP can also function as a G protein-coupled receptor that signals via the heterotrimeric G protein Gαo, but evidence for APP-Gαo signaling in vivo has been lacking. Using Manduca as a model system, we showed that insect APP (APPL) regulates neuronal migration in a Gαo-dependent manner. Recently, we also demonstrated that Manduca Contactin (expressed by glial cells) induces APPL-Gαo retraction responses in migratory neurons, consistent with evidence that mammalian Contactins also interact with APP family members. Preliminary studies using cultured hippocampal neurons suggest that APP-Gαo signaling can similarly regulate growth cone motility. Whether Contactins (or other APP ligands) induce this response within the developing nervous system, and how this pathway is disrupted in AD, remains to be explored.

KEYWORDS:

APP; APPL; G protein; Gαo; Manduca; growth cone; hippocampal neuron; neuronal migration

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