Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018 Mar;26(3):746-755. doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4520-z. Epub 2017 Mar 18.

Quality assessment of radiological measurements of trochlear dysplasia; a literature review.

Author information

1
Sports Orthopedic Research Center Copenhagen (SORC-C), Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre, Denmark. Mathiasdepaiva@hotmail.com.
2
Zealand University Hospital, Køge and Aleris-Hamlet Parken, Copenhagen, Denmark.
3
Sports Orthopedic Research Center Copenhagen (SORC-C), Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre, Denmark.
4
Orthopedic Surgery Residency, Mount Carmel Health System, Columbus, OH, USA.
5
Department of Radiology, Charite - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Campus Charite Mitte, Berlin, Germany.
6
OrthoSport Victoria Research Unit, Epworth Healthcare and Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To make a systematic review with quality assessments of the known measurements used to describe trochlear dysplasia.

METHODS:

A systematic literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed and Embase using the search string "trochlea dysplasia OR trochlear dysplasia". Papers were screened for their relevance based on predefined parameters, and all measurements showing a statistical association between trochlear dysplasia and patellar instability were presented. Four experts evaluated the quality of the measures using a purpose-made quality scale.

RESULTS:

The search generated 600 papers of which eight were chosen for review. Thirty-three unique measurements were identified and described in order of their date of publication. The lateral trochlea inclination was rated highest by the expert panel. The crossing sign, the trochlea bump, the TT-TG distance, the trochlea depth and the ventral trochlea prominence also had high ratings.

CONCLUSION:

Thirty-three unique measurements were identified with the lateral trochlea inclination as the highest rated measurement by the expert panel, and it is recommended for use in assessment of trochlear dysplasia. The crossing sign, the trochlea bump, the TT-TG, the trochlea depth and the ventral trochlea prominence were also rated well and can be recommended for use.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

V.

KEYWORDS:

Anterior knee pain; Patellar instability; Patellofemoral; Patellofemoral pain; Trochlear dysplasia

PMID:
28315921
DOI:
10.1007/s00167-017-4520-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center