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J Biochem. 1987 Oct;102(4):777-84.

Cytochrome aa3 from the aerobic photoheterotroph Erythrobacter longus: purification, and enzymatic and molecular features.

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Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology.


Cytochrome c oxidase (cytochrome aa3-type) [EC] was purified from Erythrobacter longus to homogeneity as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and some of its properties were studied. The spectral properties of the oxidase closely resembled those of mitochondrial and other bacterial cytochromes aa3. The enzyme showed absorption peaks at 430 and 598 nm in the oxidized form, and at 444 and 603 nm in the reduced form. The CO compound of the reduced enzyme showed peaks at 432 and 600 nm. The enzyme oxidized eukaryotic ferrocytochromes C more rapidly than E. longus ferrocytochrome c. The reactions catalyzed by the enzyme were 50% inhibited by 0.7 microM KCN. The enzyme contained 1 g atom of copper and 1 g atom of magnesium per mol of heme a. The enzyme molecule seemed to be composed of two identical subunits, each with a molecular weight of 43,000.

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