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Lancet. 2017 Sep 23;390(10101):1539-1549. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30559-7. Epub 2017 Mar 13.

Cholera.

Author information

1
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Centre for Health and Population Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh; UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Korea University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address: jclemens@icddrb.org.
2
WHO, Delhi, India.
3
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Centre for Health and Population Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
4
University of Goteborg, Goteborg, Sweden.

Abstract

Cholera is an acute, watery diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae of the O1 or O139 serogroups. In the past two centuries, cholera has emerged and spread from the Ganges Delta six times and from Indonesia once to cause global pandemics. Rational approaches to the case management of cholera with oral and intravenous rehydration therapy have reduced the case fatality of cholera from more than 50% to much less than 1%. Despite improvements in water quality, sanitation, and hygiene, as well as in the clinical treatment of cholera, the disease is still estimated to cause about 100 000 deaths every year. Most deaths occur in cholera-endemic settings, and virtually all deaths occur in developing countries. Contemporary understanding of immune protection against cholera, which results from local intestinal immunity, has yielded safe and protective orally administered cholera vaccines that are now globally stockpiled for use in the control of both epidemic and endemic cholera.

PMID:
28302312
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30559-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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