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PLoS One. 2017 Mar 16;12(3):e0173740. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173740. eCollection 2017.

Influence of a pre-stimulation with chronic low-dose UVB on stress response mechanisms in human skin fibroblasts.

Author information

1
Axe Médecine Régénératrice, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec - Université Laval, Hôpital du Saint-Sacrement, Québec, Quebec, Canada.
2
Centre de Recherche en Organogénèse Expérimentale de l'Université Laval/LOEX, Université Laval, Québec, Quebec, Canada.
3
Centre de Protéomique, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec - Université Laval, Québec, Quebec, Canada.
4
Département de Médicine Moléculaire, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
5
Département d'Ophtalmologie et ORL - Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

Exposure to solar ultraviolet type B (UVB), through the induction of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD), is the major risk factor for cutaneous cancer. Cells respond to UV-induced CPD by triggering the DNA damage response (DDR) responsible for signaling DNA repair, programmed cell death and cell cycle arrest. Underlying mechanisms implicated in the DDR have been extensively studied using single acute UVB irradiation. However, little is known concerning the consequences of chronic low-dose of UVB (CLUV) on the DDR. Thus, we have investigated the effect of a CLUV pre-stimulation on the different stress response pathways. We found that CLUV pre-stimulation enhances CPD repair capacity and leads to a cell cycle delay but leave residual unrepaired CPD. We further analyzed the consequence of the CLUV regimen on general gene and protein expression. We found that CLUV treatment influences biological processes related to the response to stress at the transcriptomic and proteomic levels. This overview study represents the first demonstration that human cells respond to chronic UV irradiation by modulating their genotoxic stress response mechanisms.

PMID:
28301513
PMCID:
PMC5354420
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0173740
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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