Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Chest. 2017 Oct;152(4):742-750. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2017.03.008. Epub 2017 Mar 12.

Sleep Apnea and Hypertension: Are There Sex Differences? The Vitoria Sleep Cohort.

Author information

1
Respiratory Department, University Hospital of Getafe, Madrid, Spain; Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: irene.cano@yahoo.com.
2
Respiratory Department, IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), ISCIII, Madrid, Spain.
3
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), ISCIII, Madrid, Spain; University Hospital of Getafe, Madrid, Spain.
4
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), ISCIII, Madrid, Spain; Biostatistics Unit, Group of Translational Research in Respiratory Medicine, IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain.
5
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), ISCIII, Madrid, Spain; Sleep Unit, OSI Araba University Hospital, Vitoria, Spain.
6
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), ISCIII, Madrid, Spain; Research Department, OSI Araba University Hospital, Vitoria, Spain; Bioaraba Research Institute, Vitoria, Spain; Universidad del País Vasco, Vitoria, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Evidence from longitudinal studies has reported contradictory results regarding the association between OSA and hypertension. In a previous analysis of the Vitoria Sleep Cohort, the relationship between OSA and the risk of developing hypertension was evaluated and no independent association after adjustment for confounding factors was found. In the present study, a post hoc analysis to assess the association between OSA and incident stage 2 hypertension (systolic BP ≥ 160 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 100 mm Hg) was made on the basis of sex differences.

METHODS:

A prospective study was performed over 7.5 ± 0.8 years on a middle-aged general population, which included 1,155 normotensive subjects (43.7% men) who completed the follow-up. BP measurements (at baseline and follow-up) and polygraphy at baseline were performed. Logistic regression models were used to determine the association between the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) and stage 2 hypertension and a recursive partitioning method was used to determine the variables related to the incidence of stage 2 hypertension. The RDI was divided into subgroups (0-2.9, 3-6.9, 7-13.9, and ≥ 14), using the first subgroup as reference.

RESULTS:

For men, an RDI ≥ 14 was associated with a significantly increased OR for stage 2 hypertension (OR, 2.54 [95% CI, 1.09-5.95], P = .032). This association was not statistically significant among women (P = .371).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest an association between moderate and severe OSA, and the incidence of more severe forms of hypertension occurring in men but not in women. However, because this is a community-based study, the women's population characteristics may differ from women usually seen in sleep-disorders clinics.

KEYWORDS:

OSA; general population; hypertension; longitudinal study; sex

PMID:
28300571
DOI:
10.1016/j.chest.2017.03.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center