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Biochem J. 1987 Dec 15;248(3):765-70.

Synthesis of polyphosphoinositides in nuclei of Friend cells. Evidence for polyphosphoinositide metabolism inside the nucleus which changes with cell differentiation.

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Istituto di Anatomia Umana Normale, University of Bologna, Italy.


Previous work demonstrated the existence of phosphatidylinositol kinase and phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase in rat liver nuclei, with the suggestion that these activities are in the nuclear membrane [Smith & Wells (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 9368-9373]. Here we show that highly purified nuclei from Friend cells, washed free of nuclear membrane by Triton, can incorporate radiolabel from [gamma-32P]ATP into phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylinositol phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. The degree of radiolabelling of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate is highly dependent on the state of differentiation of the cells, being barely detectable in growing cells and much greater after dimethyl sulphoxide-induced differentiation; this difference is mostly due to different amounts of phosphatidylinositol phosphate in the isolated nuclei. We suggest that polyphosphoinositides are made inside the nucleus and that they have a role in chromatin function; either the phospholipids themselves play a role, or there is a possibility of intranuclear signalling by inositide-derived molecules.

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