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  • PMID: 28297483 was deleted because it is a duplicate of PMID: 26894344
J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016 Jan 8;17(1):328-341. doi: 10.1120/jacmp.v17i1.5756.

Size-based protocol optimization using automatic tube current modulation and automatic kV selection in computed tomography.

Author information

1
Boston Children's Hospital. robert.d.macdougall@childrens.harvard.edu.

Abstract

Size-based diagnostic reference ranges (DRRs) for contrast-enhanced pediatric abdominal computed tomography (CT) have been published in order to establish practical upper and lower limits of CTDI, DLP, and SSDE. Based on these DRRs, guidelines for establishing size-based SSDE target levels from the SSDE of a standard adult by applying a linear correction factor have been published and provide a great reference for dose optimization initiatives. The necessary step of designing manufacturer-specific CT protocols to achieve established SSDE targets is the responsibility of the Qualified Medical Physicist. The task is straightforward if fixed-mA protocols are used, however, more difficult when automatic exposure control (AEC) and automatic kV selection are considered. In such cases, the physicist must deduce the operation of AEC algorithms from technical documentation or through testing, using a wide range of phantom sizes. Our study presents the results of such testing using anthropomorphic phantoms ranging in size from the newborn to the obese adult. The effect of each user-controlled parameter was modeled for a single-manufacturer AEC algorithm (Siemens CARE Dose4D) and automatic kV selection algorithm (Siemens CARE kV). Based on the results presented in this study, a process for designing mA-modulated, pediatric abdominal CT protocols that achieve user-defined SSDE and kV targets is described.

PMID:
26894344
PMCID:
PMC5690190
DOI:
10.1120/jacmp.v17i1.5756
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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