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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1987 Nov;31(11):1675-82.

Purification to homogeneity and characterization of acyl coenzyme A:6-aminopenicillanic acid acyltransferase of Penicillium chrysogenum.

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  • 1Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de León, Spain.


The acyl coenzyme A (CoA):6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) acyltransferase of Penicillium chrysogenum AS-P-78 was purified to homogeneity, as concluded by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing. The enzyme is a monomer with a molecular weight of 30,000 +/- 1,000 and a pI of about 5.5. The optimal pH and temperature were 8.0 and 25 degrees C, respectively. This enzyme converts 6-APA into penicillin by using phenylacetyl CoA or phenoxyacetyl CoA as acyl donors. The pure enzyme showed a high specificity and affinity for 6-APA and did not accept benzylpenicillin, 7-aminocephalosporanic acid, cephalosporin C, or isocephalosporin C as substrates. The enzyme converted isopenicillin N into penicillin G, although with a lower efficiency than when 6-APA was used as the substrate. It did not show penicillin G acylase activity. The acyl CoA:6-APA acyltransferase required dithiothreitol or other thiol-containing compounds, and it was protected by thiol-containing reagents against thermal inactivation. The acyltransferase was inhibited by several divalent and trivalent cations and by p-chloromercuribenzoate and N-ethylmaleimide. The activity was absent in four different mutants that were blocked in penicillin biosynthesis.

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