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Am J Vet Res. 1987 Dec;48(12):1713-8.

Evaluation of plasma aldosterone concentrations before and after ACTH administration in clinically normal dogs and in dogs with various diseases.

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Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824-1314.

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  • Am J Vet Res 1988 Feb;49(2):283.


Plasma aldosterone concentrations were measured in response to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) gel administration in clinically normal dogs, in dogs with hypoadrenocorticism, and in dogs (with electrolyte abnormalities) that did not have hypoadrenocorticism. Baseline plasma aldosterone concentrations were determined from specimens obtained every 10 minutes for 3 hours from 2 dogs and every 30 minutes for 7.5 hours from 2 other dogs. During the evaluation period, plasma aldosterone concentrations varied by at least 50% in each dog. A randomized crossover design was used to compare changes in plasma aldosterone concentrations after administration of ACTH gel and physiologic NaCl solution. Dogs had significantly (P = 0.002) higher plasma aldosterone concentrations after administration of ACTH gel than after administration of NaCl solution. Plasma cortisol concentrations increased as expected after ACTH gel administration. Analysis of cortisol and aldosterone concentrations in the same specimens obtained at 7 sample collection times did not reveal significant linear correlation, and scatterplots did not indicate a nonlinear association. In addition, plasma aldosterone concentrations were determined in response to ACTH administration alone and to ACTH combined with a high dose of dexamethasone (0.1 mg/kg, IV). The plasma aldosterone response to ACTH alone was not significantly different from the response to ACTH combined with dexamethasone. For both tests, plasma aldosterone concentrations at 60 and 120 minutes after ACTH administration were significantly (P less than 0.0005 and P = 0.0001, respectively, increased, compared with base-line values. Six dogs with adrenocortical hypofunction, as determined by plasma cortisol concentrations before and after ACTH administration, had plasma aldosterone concentrations that were diminished or did not increase after ACTH administration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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