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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2017 Mar-Apr;55(2):170-175.

[Burden of hospitalization for pneumonia in a Spanish tertiary hospital. Period 2009-2014].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, España. mlopezgob@saludcastillayleon.es.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this paper is to estimate the burden of hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia and pneumococcal pneumonia at a tertiary level hospital in the Spanish National Health System.

METHODS:

A retrospective study which compiles data from the Minimum Data Set using clinical codes of the International Code of Diseases, as well as the hospitalization rate index per thousand inhabitants, the hospitalization rate per thousand population, mortality and fatality rate, using as denominator the demographic data of the population of the Health Area.

RESULTS:

The discharge of 5758 episodes coded with CIE codes 480 to 486 related to pneumonia, indicates an hospitalization rate of 3.54 people hospitalized per 1000 inhabitants, 65.34 % of all hospital admissions occured in Internal Medicine Services and Pneumology. The average hospital stay per year is 16.63 days. The crude death rate is 69.15 per 100 000 inhabitants and the fatality rate is 19.56 % being higher in adults over 65 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite the current therapeutic and preventive measures, the incidence and mortality of community-acquired pneumonia in adults remains high, which justifies the strengthening and awareness to address new strategies and prevention such as vaccination.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiology; Hospitalization; Mortality; Pneumococcal pneumonia; Pneumonia

PMID:
28296367
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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