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Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2017 Mar 15;5(1):48-53. doi: 10.3889/oamjms.2017.022. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Personality Characteristics as Predictive Factors for the Occurrence of Depressive Disorder.

Author information

1
University Clinic of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
2
Ministry of Health, Global Fund, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The depressive disorder is one of the most frequent mental disorders, which is often associated with severe dysfunctionality. Personality traits are considered as important factors for the occurrence of depressive disorder.

AIM:

To determine the specificity of personality dimensions as predictive factors of depressive disorder.

METHODS:

This research was conducted at the University Psychiatric Clinic Skopje as a "case-control" study. TCI-R (temperament and character inventory - revised) was used as the main research instrument.

RESULTS:

There are specific personality traits expressed through high scores of Harm Avoidance and low scores of Self -Directedness traits as predictive factors related to an incidence of the depressive disorder.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study show that certain personal traits, and more specific HA and SD, are with a specific predictability of the depressive disorder.

KEYWORDS:

depression; harm avoidance; mood disorder; personality traits; self-directedness

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