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Nature. 1988 Jan 7;331(6151):76-8.

HIV infection is blocked in vitro by recombinant soluble CD4.

Author information

1
Biogen Research Corporation, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142.

Abstract

The T-cell surface glycoprotein, CD4 (T4), acts as the cellular receptor for human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), the first member of the family of viruses that cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV recognition of CD4 is probably mediated through the virus envelope glycoprotein (gp120) as shown by co-immunoprecipitation of CD4 and gp120 (ref.5) and by experiments using recombinant gp120 as a binding probe. Here we demonstrate that recombinant soluble CD4(rsT4) purified from the conditioned medium of a stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary cell line is a potent inhibitor of both virus replication and virus-induced cell fusion (syncytium formation). These results suggest that rsT4 is sufficient to bind HIV, and that it represents a potential anti-viral therapy for HIV infection.

PMID:
2829022
DOI:
10.1038/331076a0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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