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Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2017 Feb;67(2):83-90. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-120271. Epub 2017 Mar 13.

[Trauma, Resilience, and Emotion Regulation].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Psychologisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg.
2
Zentralinstitut für seelische Gesundheit, Zentrum für Psychologische Psychotherapie (ZPP), Mannheim.
3
Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf.

Abstract

Background: History of childhood abuse and neglect is considered to be a relevant risk factor for adult psychopathology. A functional emotion regulation (ER) can account for resilience despite of traumatic experiences in childhood. Materials & Methods: This study compares the habitual use of specific ER strategies among mentally healthy individuals with (n=61) and without (n=52) experience of childhood abuse and neglect by using the self-rating instrument Heidelberg Form for Emotion Regulation Strategies (H-FERST). SCID-I, ADP-IV, SCL-27, and BDI-II were used for assessment of psychopathological distress. Results: We found no group difference in the habitual use of ER strategies. Healthy individuals with childhood abuse and neglect showed significantly more subjective distress symptoms. Discussion & Conclusion: Considering the significantly higher psychopathological distress reported by the trauma group, the functional habitual use of ER strategies could serve as a path to explain the resilient development of adult individuals after childhood abuse and neglect.

PMID:
28288498
DOI:
10.1055/s-0042-120271
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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