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Emerg (Tehran). 2017;5(1):e10. Epub 2017 Jan 8.

Epidemiological Pattern of Injuries in Iran; a Nationwide Review of Seven Million Emergency Department Admissions.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Department, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
3
Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.; e-Health Department, Virtual School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Globally, it is estimated that around 5.8 million people die annually as result of injuries, which causes 10% of all deaths and 16% of disability adjusted life years lost worldwide. This study aimed to determine the epidemiology of injuries in emergency departments in Iran.

METHOD:

This cross sectional study was carried out using national injury surveillance data registry from 21 March 2009 to 20 March 2014.

RESULTS:

7,176,344 patients with the mean age of 27.5 ± 17.8 years were registered to 657 EDs (70.6% male). Road Traffic Crash (RTC) was the most common cause of injury (31.0%) followed by hit (28.2%) and fall (10.1%). While roads were the commonest place of injuries, 34.0% of patients have been injured at home. More than 90% of injuries were unintentional. Assault and suicide attempt were causes of injury in 5.6% and 3.9% of patients, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

This paper addresses where prevention measures are most urgently needed and offers insights which could be useful for injury prevention programs in Iran and other developing countries.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiology; accident prevention; epidemiological monitoring; mortality; multiple trauma; wounds and injuries

PMID:
28286817
PMCID:
PMC5325878

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