Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cureus. 2017 Jan 31;9(1):e1005. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1005.

A Questionnaire-Based Survey of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residency Training in Pakistan.

Author information

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, PNS Shifa Hospital, DHA II, Karachi 75500, Pakistan ; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Bahria University, DHA -II, Karachi ; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, AFIRM, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
Director, Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS), Karachi, Pakistan.
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.


Pakistan is one of the three countries in South East Asia that has an active postgraduate physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) training program. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) offers a four-year structured training program in PM&R. It consists of clinical teaching, lectures, rotations in other specialties, and writing a research dissertation. The aim of this survey was to provide an objective analysis of the current PM&R training program, including the facilities available for training, the participation of residents in academic activities, and their participation in different PM&R procedures. Hospital ethics committee approval was obtained. The questionnaire had sections on informed consent; basic demographics; the different components of residency training; and self-assessement of competence in different procedural skills. It was approved by the dean of PM&R at CPSP. There are six accredited training centers in Pakistan. Twelve residents are undergoing residency training at four different centers (Dec 2015). Key persons were nominated at each center to facilitate data collection. All residents (100% response rate) completed the survey. Almost all had read the CPSP training manual. Most had submitted the research dissertation. Training facilities varied across different centers, with the military center being the best equipped. The self-assessed competence of residents in different PM&R procedures varied among different centers, but overall it conformed to the competency levels specified in the training manual. Overall PM&R residency training in Pakistan is satisfactory, but there is a need to strengthen the weak areas and standardize the training across all centers in the country.


analysis; developing country; medical education; pakistan; physiatry; post graduate residents; post-graduate training; south east asia; survey

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center