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Lung Cancer. 2017 Apr;106:115-124. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2017.02.009. Epub 2017 Feb 14.

Combination treatment with erlotinib and ampelopsin overcomes erlotinib resistance in NSCLC cells via the Nox2-ROS-Bim pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy, Inje University College of Medicine, 75 Bokji-ro, Busanjin-gu, Pusan 47392, Republic of Korea.
2
Devision of Pulmonology, Department of internal Medicine, Inje University Pusan Paik Hospital, 75 Bokji-ro, Busanjin-gu, Pusan 47392, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: goodoc@inje.ac.kr.
3
Department of Anatomy, Inje University College of Medicine, 75 Bokji-ro, Busanjin-gu, Pusan 47392, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: dyhur@inje.ac.kr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Erlotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), has been shown to have a dramatic effect in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR mutation. However, the presence of primary resistance or acquired resistance to EGFR-TKI is the most common reason for switching to other anti-cancer agents. Even though there are newer agents that have activity in the presence of the T790M mutation, identification of potential agents that could overcome resistance to EGFR-TKI is still needed for the treatment of NSCLC patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In this study, we used erlotinib-resistant NSCLC cell lines to investigate the effects of combination treatment with erlotinib and ampelopsin. After treatment with either single or combination, cell viability and cell death were determined with WST-1 assay, trypan blue exclusion method, colony forming assay, annexin-V staining assay and western blot assay. The content of ROS was evaluated by FACS analysis using H2DCF-staining method. To determine the effect of Nox2 and Bim on the combined treatment with erlotinib and ampelopsin-induced cell death, we transfected with Nox2 or Bim specific siRNA and performed with western blot assay for evaluation of its expression.

RESULTS:

Combined treatment with erlotinib and ampelopsin at non-cytotoxic concentrations significantly induced caspase-dependent cell death in erlotinib-resistant NSCLC cells. Furthermore, cell death resulted in the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through upregulation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 2 (Nox2) expression, a direct source of ROS. The expression level of Bim increased with combination treatment, but not with either treatment alone.

CONCLUSION:

Here in this study, we demonstrate that the combination of erlotinib and ampelopsin induces cell death via the Nox2-ROS-Bim pathway, and ampelopsin could be used as a novel anti-cancer agent combined with EGFR-TKI to overcome resistance to erlotinib in EGFR-mutant NSCLC.

KEYWORDS:

Ampelopsin; Erlotinib; NSCLC; Nox2; ROS

PMID:
28285685
DOI:
10.1016/j.lungcan.2017.02.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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