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Redox Biol. 2017 Aug;12:300-310. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2017.02.026. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Polychlorinated biphenyls-153 induces metabolic dysfunction through activation of ROS/NF-κB signaling via downregulation of HNF1b.

Author information

1
Department of Toxicology, Shaanxi Key Lab of Free Radical Biology and Medicine, the Ministry of Education Key Lab of Hazard Assessment and Control in Special Operational Environment, School of Public Health, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.
2
Department of Toxicology, Shaanxi Key Lab of Free Radical Biology and Medicine, the Ministry of Education Key Lab of Hazard Assessment and Control in Special Operational Environment, School of Public Health, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China. Electronic address: xinwang@fmmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) is a major type of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that act as endocrine-disrupting chemicals. In the current study, we examined the mechanism underlying the effect of PCB-153 on glucose and lipid metabolism in vivo and in vitro. We found that PCB-153 induced per se and worsened high fat diet (HFD)-resulted increase of blood glucose level and glucose and insulin intolerance. In addition, PCB-153 induced per se and worsened HFD-resulted increase of triglyceride content and adipose mass. Moreover, PCB-153 concentration-dependently inhibited insulin-dependent glucose uptake and lipid accumulation in cultured hepatocytes and adipocytes. PCB-153 induced the expression and nuclear translocation of p65 NF-κB and the expression of its downstream inflammatory markers, and worsened HFD-resulted increase of those inflammatory markers. Inhibition of NF-κB significantly suppressed PCB-153-induced inflammation, lipid accumulation and decrease of glucose uptake. PCB-153 induced oxidative stress and decreased hepatocyte nuclear factor 1b (HNF1b) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) expression in vivo and in vitro. Overexpression of HNF1b increased GPx1 expression, decreased ROS level, decreased Srebp1, ACC and FAS expression, and inhibited PCB-153-resulted oxidative stress, NF-κB-mediated inflammation, and final glucose/lipid metabolic disorder. Our results suggest that dysregulation of HNF1b/ROS/NF-κB plays an important role in PCB-153-induced glucose/lipid metabolic disorder.

KEYWORDS:

Glucose and lipid metabolic disorder; Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1b; NF-κB; Polychlorinated biphenyls; Reactive oxygen species

PMID:
28285191
PMCID:
PMC5345977
DOI:
10.1016/j.redox.2017.02.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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