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Gene. 1987;57(1):37-46.

Nucleotide sequence and deduced amino acid sequence of a coleopteran-active delta-endotoxin gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. san diego.

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Mycogen Corporation, San Diego, CA 92121.


A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. san diego that is responsible for a delta-endotoxin active against Colorado potato beetle and some other Coleoptera was sequenced and shown to have surprising regional homology with both lepidopteran and dipteran active delta-endotoxins from other strains of B. thuringiensis. Unlike the lepidopteran active toxins from B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki that exist as approx. 130-kDa protoxins and form bipyramidal crystalline inclusions, the coleopteran toxic protein forms a square-shaped crystal composed of an approx. 65-kDa protein. Comparisons of the gene sequences encoding the active portions of these protoxins indicate conservation of N-terminal hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions, and suggest a distant ancestral origin for these insecticidal proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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