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Eur J Biochem. 1988 Jan 4;170(3):603-11.

Ribonucleotide reductase of Brevibacterium ammoniagenes is a manganese enzyme.

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1
Fachbereich Chemie der Philipps-Universit├Ąt Marburg, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

Ribonucleotide reduction and not DNA replication is the site for the specific manganese requirement of DNA synthesis and cell growth in the coryneform bacterium Brevibacterium ammoniagenes. To characterize the metal effect we have isolated and purified ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase from overproducing bacteria that were first deprived of and then reactivated by manganese ions. Purification on columns of Sephacryl S400, DEAE-cellulose and hydroxyapatite provided an apparently homogeneous enzyme consisting of two protein subunits. These were characterized by affinity chromatography on 2',5'-ADP-Sepharose as nucleotide-binding protein B1 (Mr = 80,000) and catalytic protein B2 (Mr = 100,000, composed of two Mr = 50,000 polypeptides), which were both necessary for activity. In vitro the purified enzyme does not require added metal ions except for an unspecific, twofold activity increase observed in the presence of Mg2+ and other divalent cations. Enzyme activity is inhibited by hydroxyurea (I50 = 2.5 mM). The electronic spectrum with maxima around 455 nm and 485 nm closely resembles that of manganese(III)-containing pseudocatalase and of oxo-bridged binuclear Mn(III) model complexes. Denaturation of the enzyme in trichloroacetic acid liberated an equimolar amount of Mn(II) which was detected by EPR spectroscopy. It was not possible to remove and reintroduce metal ions without loss of enzyme activity. Manganese-deficient cell cultures were also grown in the presence of 54MnCl2. Ribonucleotide reductase activity and radioactivity cochromatographed in several systems. Non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that protein subunit B2 was specifically 54Mn-labeled. All these properties suggest that the ribonucleotide reductase of B. ammoniagenes is a manganese-containing analog of the non-heme-iron-containing reductases of Escherichia coli and eukaryotes.

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