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Br J Ophthalmol. 2017 Oct;101(10):1323-1328. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2016-308710. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Twenty-four hour intraocular pressure monitoring with the SENSIMED Triggerfish contact lens: effect of body posture during sleep.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Institut Català de la Retina, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Sleep Research Unit, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
4
School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the difference in relative intraocular pressure (IOP) measured by the SENSIMED Triggerfish (TF) contact lens in flat compared with 30° head-up sleeping positions in patients with progressive primary open-angle glaucoma or normotensive glaucoma, based on recent or recurrent disc haemorrhage.

DESIGN:

Prospective, randomised, cross-over, open-label comparative study.

METHODS:

IOP was monitored for 24 hours using TF on two separate sessions. Patients were randomly assigned to sleep flat one night and 30° head-up the other. Outputs in arbitrary units were obtained. Sleep and wake periods were defined as 22:00-6:00 and 8:00-22:00, respectively. Mean TF values during sleep and wake periods and wake-sleep and sleep-wake slopes were calculated for each session. TF output signals were compared between positions.

RESULTS:

Twelve subjects completed the study. Significant mean positive slopes were noted during the sleep period for both positions (p<0.01). No significant differences in the TF mean values were observed between positions (p=0.51). Six (54%) subjects had mean TF values significantly higher during the flat supine session, while four (36%) subjects had higher values during the head-up session. A significant increase in Goldmann IOP (p=0.001) and TF (p=0.02) measurements were observed after 24 hours of TF wear ('drift phenomenon').

CONCLUSIONS:

Sleep position affects IOP as measured by TF in some patients with progressive glaucoma. The upward drift in TF output detected in >50% of the subjects requires further investigation to establish whether the increased output values over time are an artefact induced by the TF or a real change in IOP.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:

NCT01351779.

KEYWORDS:

Contact lens; Diagnostic tests/Investigation; Glaucoma; Optic Nerve

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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