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BMJ Case Rep. 2017 Mar 7;2017. pii: bcr2016218671. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2016-218671.

Pulmonary vein mass with extension to the left atrium diagnosed by echocardiography.

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Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines.


We report a case of a man aged 65 years presenting with chronic cough, haemoptysis and intermittent atrial tachyarrhythmias on ECG. On 2D transthoracic echocardiography, an incidental left atrial mass was seen, initially thought to be a thrombus predisposed by intermittent atrial fibrillation. Transoesophageal echocardiography confirmed that this left atrial mass originated from a fixed, non-homogenous, right superior pulmonary vein mass with an extracardiac extension. Because of this finding, a thorough search for a primary focus lead to the discovery of a contiguous posterior mediastinal mass, which was a round cell neoplasm on histology. Management was deemed palliative. Although rare, left-sided cardiac masses should prompt the physician to search for a malignancy in the lung in high-risk patients, as haematogenous spread via the pulmonary vein is a potential mechanism for spread.

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